Scientific Watch N°15 - From 11/07/2015 to 11/20/2015

Please find every other two weeks a small Scientific Watch regarding cultural and scientific activities in France. [2015-N°15 from 11/07/2015 to 11/20/2015]

From 11/07/2015 to 11/20/2015

Editors :

Gabriel BENET, Scientific Officer - Hong Kong

Julie METTA, Scientific Officer - Hong Kong

Justin MONIER, Scientific Officer - Hong Kong

Isabelle SAVES, Attachée for Scientific & Academic Affairs - Hong Kong

Contact : sciences@consulfrance-hongkong.org

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Sommaire

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1- Energy & Environment

1.1- Taking action for a healthy ocean and a preserved climate

While COP 21 is inaugurating a new phase of commitment on climate, the Ocean Climate Platform disclosed the content of its advocacy at the November 12th 2015 press release- in the presence of Ségolène Royal, French Minister of Ecology- in order for ocean and coastal zones related issues to be gradually taken into consideration via specific measures and included in the various axes of negotiation.
On the brink of COP 21, in support of an ambitious universal and legally binding agreement, the Ocean Climate Platform points out that, Oceans remain the forgotten piece in the climate negotiation puzzle 9 tangible recommendations in favor of the oceans.

Published on the "Ocean-Climate" website on November 12, 2015 Source

1.2- Drone-bee to clean up urban air

The French company “Air Liquide” launched a competition: “breathe better in downtown” which was -among others- wun by the project “B-Pure” developed by students from the Sustainable Design School of Nice. They dreamt up a bee-drone able to purify the air.

Published on the "industrie-techno.com" website on June 4, 2015 Source

1.3- New Project to Facilitate Transnational Access to Leading European Aquaculture Research Facilities

AQUAEXCEL2020, a research infrastructure project funded under the EU’s Horizon 2020 programme and coordinated by the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), has kicked off this month with the aim to further support the sustainable growth of the European aquaculture sector. AQUAEXCEL2020 will integrate a large group of leading European aquaculture research facilities and aims to advance aquaculture research and innovation in Europe. One of its key aspects will be to provide subsidized access to top-class aquaculture facilities, as well as numerous highly pertinent services for researchers from academia and industry.

Published on the Inra ’s website, on the November 03, 2015 Source

1.4- North Africa and the Middle East through to the year 2050: towards a greater dependence on agricultural imports

The North Africa and Middle East region (NAME) currently suffers from one of the highest food dependence levels in the world. On 28 October 2015, INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research) presented the results of a study, commissioned by Pluriagri, which was able to simulate the potential trajectories of the region’s agri-food system between now and 2050. Based on a retrospective analysis (1961-2012), the experts (agronomists, economists, political scientists and operators in the agri-food sector) worked on the trends for this system under the effects of technical progress, greater mastery of irrigation, improvements to diet, limiting losses and waste or demographic and economic changes. One of the principal conclusions reached by the study was that mitigating global climate change would be the most effective lever to limit any increase in dependence on imports in this region.

Published on the Inra ’s website, on the November 18, 2015 Source

1.5- INRA at COP21 – effect of climate on agriculture, food and environment

PARIS & LE BOURGET (FRANCE) from the 30th November to the 11 of December 2015

France is hosting and presiding the 21st Conference of the Parties at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), or COP21. INRA is participating in several events organised at Paris-Le Bourget and at the Grand Palais in Paris. The programme below may be subject to cancellation concerning the events at the Grand Palais in Paris.

Please find out more information in the following website

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2- Health & Society

2.1- Sound menus in restaurant for blind people

The Youth economic chamber (Jeune Chambre Économique Française (JCEF)) in Saint-Omer, Pas-de-Calais, has run an innovative project since July 2015 in collaboration with regional restaurateurs. They installed sound versions of restaurants menus to blind people. Their system has met success, and the chamber in Saint-Omer wishes to spread this idea to a national level. In France, 3% of the population is affected by visual impairment.

Published on the IPBS’s website ont the 03 November 2015 Source

2.2- Dengue : asymptomatic individuals transmit the virus to mosquitoes

Researchers from the Institut Pasteur in Cambodia, the Institut Pasteur in Paris and the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) have shown that people infected with dengue virus without detectable clinical symptoms are infectious to mosquitoes that bite them. These asymptomatic cases, with low symptoms cases, yet accounting for three quarters of infections, would then be involved in the virus transmission chain. These results have been published in PNAS on November 9th 2015. They question a dogma in dengue virus epidemiology. As a reminder, in Hong Kong the current situation is 100 cases reported to date in November 2015, including 97 imported cases ; a high ratio compared to the total annual average cases.

Published on CNRS website on November 9, 2015 Source
Link to the article

2.3- A giant molecule to fight Ebola virus ?

An international team of chemists has developed an ultra-rapid method to synthesize giant branched molecules endowed with antiviral activity. Indeed, these mega-molecules are highly effective in inhibiting the entry of Ebola virus into cells in culture: their myriad branches (up to 120) carry sugars that bind strongly to the receptor used as a portal of entry by the virus. This work, carried out by chemists from the CNRS and the Université de Strasbourg*, in collaboration with colleagues from Madrid’s Universidad Complutense and Laboratorio de Microbiología Molecular, as well as Universidad de Sevilla (Spain) and Université de Namur (Belgium), is published on 9 November 2015 in Nature Chemistry.

*Laboratoire de Chimie Moléculaire (CNRS/Université de Strasbourg) and Laboratoire de Conception et Application de Molécules Bioactives (CNRS/Université de Strasbourg).

Published on the CNRS’s website on the 09th of November 2015 Source

2.4- ANIHWA Final Conference

The ANIHWA ERA-Net Initiative started on January 1st 2012 aims to increase the cooperation and coordination of national research programmes on animal health and welfare of farm animals, including fish and bees.

This two-day conference will bring together speakers from important actors in the field of animal health and welfare research with stakeholders and policy makers, as well as with the ANIHWA consortium members. It aims to further assess and disseminate the achievements of the network, while also allowing ample time for long and deep debate on key issues.
Attendance is free but registration is mandatory and limited to 100 participants.
ANIHWA’s website

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3- Research and Education

3.1- Futurapolis, the forum dedicated to innovation for our everyday life

Launched in 2012 by « Le Point », in partnership with « Metropolis Toulouse » and « La région Midi-Pyrénées, Futurapolis is an annual forum dedicated to innovation transforming our daily life. Since its inception, Futurapolis has created many partnerships with many French institutions: CNRS, Inserm, CNES, CEA, Technion and the university of Toulouse.

On 27 and 28 November, Futurapolis will inaugurate a new part of Toulouse dedicated to numerical technology: “Le Quai des savoirs”.

For more information please visit the Futurapolis’s website

3.2- The CNRS tops international rankings

Present in all fields of knowledge, the CNRS features among the world’s leading research organizations. Among other rankings, for the fifth consecutive year, the CNRS features among the world’s 100 leading innovators, according to the Thomson Reuters Top 100 Global Innovators list 2015.

Published on CNRS website on October 19, 2015. Source

3.3- First detection of an extragalactic gamma-ray pulsar

Two French researchers (CNRS/Université d’Orléans and CNRS/Université Toulouse III-Paul Sabatier) and an American researcher (NASA) have observed the most luminous gamma-ray pulsar to date, and it has been detected outside the Milky Way. This pulsar, a highly magnetized spinning neutron star created in the gravitational collapse of massive stars, could be an opportunity for a better understanding of the structure and evolution of neutron star magnetosphere. Results have been published in Science, on November 13th 2015.

Published on CNRS website on November 13, 2015. Source

3.4- Launching ICE: an iconic action to climate science in Île-de-France

The ICE project - Infrastructure for Climate Sciences and the Environment - has been launched during the ceremony chaired by Mr. Thierry Mandon, Secretary of State for Higher Education and Research, onMonday, November 9, 2015. ICE aims to promote exchanges between teams from LSCE, CEA / CNRS / UVSQ* (Laboratory climate and the environment).

* Le Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement / Commissariat à l’énergie atomique / Centre national de la recherche scientifique / Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines

Published on CNRS website on November 12, 2015. Source

3.5- Cédric Villani a new member of the Scientific Council of the European Commission

The European Commission’s new Scientific Advice Mechanism (SAM) was officially launched on the 10th November 2015 with the announcement of the seven leading scientists who will form the first High Level Group of scientific advisors. Together with a six million euro grant to European academies and learned societies, this marks a new approach to the use of independent science advice in Commission policy making.
Published on CNRS website on November 12, 2015. Source

Published on CNRS website on November 12, 2015. Source

3.6- Genetics : an « origins code » for DNA

Molecular biologists from the Institut de génétique humaine/CNRS (Human genetics institute) and bioinformatics researchers from the Technological advances for genomics and clinics laboratory at Inserm/Aix-Marseille Université have achieved the most exhaustive analysis of the DNA replication origins sequences in mice. They have distinguished 3 main groups of replication origins. Results have been published in Genome Research on November 11th 2015.

Published on CNRS website on November 12, 2015. Source

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4- Technology & Transport

4.1- AMicrosoft Corporation To Turn France Into Silicon Valley; Commits $90 Million To Startups

Microsoft Corporationhas now targeted a French startup enterprise to support ongoing developments in cloud computing, and artificial intelligence. CEO, Satya Nadella announced on Monday 09 November 2015 the investment worth a total of 83 million of euro, will be distributed between both startup enterprises and schools in the country. The investment will be part of a new three-year startup accelerator program involving 300 companies to benefit from the funding.

More information about FUTURA POLIS here Source

4.2- AMicrosoft Corporation To Turn France Into Silicon Valley; Commits $90 Million To Startups

Microsoft Corporationhas now targeted a French startup enterprise to support ongoing developments in cloud computing, and artificial intelligence. CEO, Satya Nadella announced on Monday 09 November 2015 the investment worth a total of 83 million of euro, will be distributed between both startup enterprises and schools in the country. The investment will be part of a new three-year startup accelerator program involving 300 companies to benefit from the funding.

Published on the 20 minutes’s website on the 11th of November 2015 Source

4.3- First French photovoltaïc road

This new coating, formed of photovoltaic cells (15 cm 2), will be sold under the name "The Waterway" in more than 400 French agencies, before being exported Internationally. This innovation borned froma partnership between the National Institute of Solar Energy (INES) and the French company Colas, a Bouygues subsidiary.

Published on the GuidDEnR Photovoltaïque’s website on the 11th of November 2015 Source

4.4- Hydrogen cartridges to ride scooters and cars

Specializing in the development of "green" groundbreaking technologies with "low CO2 for transport, the Swiss group Aaqius will present its new innovation at the COP21in Paris. Solutions to that, he hopes, will participate in the fight against climate réchaufement revolutionizing the automotive sector. Called Stor-H, this solution replaces the fuel in a hydrogen fuel cell contained in a cartridge.

Published on the Le Parisien’s website on the 09th of November 2015 Source

4.5- Fine particulate pollution, a Parisian start-up finds a solution

The Paris region is going through a new episode of fine particulate pollution. The problem is not coming exclusively from diesel vehicles as all vehicles are equipped with brakes, the main cause of particulate emissions! The French startup Tallano Technology has developed a particle collection system evolved during braking of vehicles.

Published on the Usine Nouvelle’s website on the 02th of November 2015 Source

publié le 20/11/2015

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