Scientific Watch N°6 - From 07/04/2015 to 07/17/2015

Please find every other two weeks a small Scientific Watch regarding cultural and scientific activities in France. [2015-N°06 from 07/04/2015 to 07/17/2015]

From 06/20/2015 to 07/03/2015

Editors :

Julie METTA, Scientific Officer - Hong Kong

Justin MONIER, Scientific Officer - Hong Kong

Sébastien TREMOLET, Scientific Officer - Hong Kong

Isabelle SAVES, Attachée for Scientific & Academic Affairs - Hong Kong

Contact :




1- Energy & Environment

1.1- Climate change and Oceans : researchers warn decision-makers before the COP21

A scientific group called "2015 Oceans Initiative" and composed of twenty researchers including CNRS, Iddri and UPMC, published a study which evaluates and compares the risks and impacts on marine and costal ecosystems of CO2 emissions. They wish to alert COP 21 decision-makers on the future of the oceans.

Article published on the CNRS website on July 3, 2015 : - Source

1.2- How to know more about European winters by studying climatic history

Thanks to a collaborative work between researchers from the " Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement" (LSCE) and the University of Bordeaux on The North Atlantic Oscillation(NAO) , a new dynamical method was developed. It claims to improve seasonal NAO predictions. The method presents a yearly NAO reconstruction for the past millennium, based on an initial selection of 48 annually resolved proxy records distributed around the Atlantic Ocean and built through an ensemble of multivariate regressions.

Article published on the CNRS website on July 2, 2015 : - Source

1.3- The second generation of bioethanol will be soon in our pumps!

After seven years of research and development by laboratories including Inra (Institut national de la recherche agronomique) - the second generation of bioethanol production process is now in industrialization and commercialization phase. This process allows the conversion into ethanol of a wide variety of plant raw materials (straw , wood, etc.).

Article published on the Inra website on June 9, 2015 : - Source

1.4- Joint projects in hydrogen energy between McPhy Energie and CNR Energie

On the 1st of July 2015, two firms specialized in energy - McPhy Energy and the Compagnie Nationale du Rhône” (CNR) - have announced a partnership to jointly develop a new “green hydrogen” industry and support the energy transition.

Article published on the Enerzine website on July 3, 2015 : - Source

1.5- France optimizes its electricity transmission network

"Réseau de transport d’électricité" (RTE) has signed a new financing agreement of € 500 million with the European Investment Bank (EIB) for the implementation of 35 projects over a period of 5 years. These projects are designed to enhance security of supply, quality of electricity and the contribution of the electricity transmission grid to the success of the energy transition. These projects will also be local pools of jobs.

Article published on the Enerzine website on July 2, 2015 : - Source

1.6- "LEANShips" : heat recovery project on large boats

“Enertime” , a French company, was selected to be part of the project " LEANShips". This project aims to develop an innovative solution to keep and reuse the heat produced by boats, using the Organic Rankine Cycle technology (ORC). Enertime will develop and implement, in partnership with STX, an energy efficient solution for diesel or natural gas large ships propulsion, especially cruise ships and ferries.

Article published on the Enerzine website on June 30, 2015 : - Source

1.7- Ifsttar study offshore wind turbines

The "Institut Francais Des Sciences Et Technologies Des Transports, De L’amenagement Et Des Reseaux" (Ifsttar) participates in the project “Oceagen” started on November 2014 for two years. It aims to realize a demonstrator of floating wind turbine foundation and qualify new anchorage components.

Article published on the Enerzine website on June 30, 2015 : - Source

1.8- Sugar cane can produce energy

The exploitation of bagasse and bio ethanol has grown up these last years due to the rise of gaz and oil prices. A team of researchers of the "Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement" (CIRAD), in association with the French company eRcane, undertook a study on the production chain - from field to factory - to determine the impact of production factors on biomass yield and quality, and on the distribution of biomass between food and energy production.

Article published on the Enerzine website on June 30, 2015 : - Source


2- Health & Society

2.1- EBOLA : 3 variants of the virus identified in Guinea

The sequencing of the Ebola virus genome - strains circulating in Guinea - by researchers at the Pasteur Institute in Dakar and Paris, CNRS and the University of Sydney has allowed to trace the spread of the virus and track its evolution in countries where the epidemic began.

Article published on the CNRS website on June 24, 2015 : - Source

2.2- Colorectal cancer: better understanding of iron impact

A team of researchers from Inra (Institut national de la recherche agronomique) in Toulouse brings the first experimental evidence of the central role of iron in meat and cold cuts in the occurrence of colon cancers. Thanks to their studies, researchers were able to show the positive role of foods rich in antioxidants to prevent the colorectal cancer.

Article published on the Inra website on July 9, 2015: - Source


3- Research and Education

3.1- “Fifth Element” Joins Classical iPSC Factors, Constrains Cell Death

A study, conducted by two teams of scientists (from Inserm, CNRS, "Centre Léon Bérard and Claude Bernard Lyon 1 University"), determined that the expression of netrin-1 is transiently suppressed during cell reprogramming. When these scientists added netrin-1 to compensate for its insufficiency in the early phases of reprogramming, they observed that the production of iPSCs was greatly enhanced. The scientists presented their findings July 8 in "Nature Communications", in an article entitled, “Netrin-1 regulates somatic cell reprogramming and pluripotency maintenance.”

Article published on the CNRS website on July,9 2015 : - Source

3.2- Computer research joins effort to help French national Security to fight against crime and terrorism

The Institute for Research in Computer Science of Toulouse (IRIT), a public research laboratory in computer science, and the National School of Police ("l’École Nationale Supérieure de la Police" (ENSP)), will work together to facilitate the implementation of security research, including data analysis and digital signals.

Article published on the CNRS website on June 19, 2015 : - Source

3.3- Solar atmosphere heating mystery is now solved!

A team of astrophysicists led by Tahar Amari, research director at Center for Theoretical Physics (CNRS / Ecole Polytechnique), has identified the mechanisms carrying the energy capable of heating the solar atmosphere.
Their simulation shows how the temperature increases from 6000 degrees Celsius on the surface of the Sun, to more than 10,000 degrees in the chromosphere (the lower part of the atmosphere), and to over a million degrees in the crown (the upper atmosphere).

Article published on “La recherche” website on June 8, 2015 : - Source


4- Technology & Transport

4.1- Areva delivers its first copy of the robot RIANA to CEA

Areva announced the delivery of the first copy of a new generation of robot named RIANA ( Robot for Investigations and Assessments of Nuclear Areas), to the French center of atomic studies "CEA (Centre d’Etudes Atomiques"). The robot is able to intervene in the nuclear area to perform mapping operations, sampling or measuring the radioactivity.

Article published on Enerzine website on July 1, 2015 : - Source

4.2- Alstom delivers a hybrid locomotive to Volkswagen

A new generation of hybrid shunting locomotives - working with both electricity and gasoil - will be used for the Volkswagen plant in Wolfsburg. It will be used in zero-emissions freight and sustainably contribute to the reduction of CO2 emissions.

Article published on Enerzine website on July 1, 2015 : - Source

publié le 21/07/2015

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