Scientific Watch N°7 - From 07/17/2015 to 07/31/2015

Please find every other two weeks a small Scientific Watch regarding cultural and scientific activities in France. [2015-N°07 from 07/17/2015 to 07/31/2015]

From 07/17/2015 to 07/31/2015

Editors :

Julie METTA, Scientific Officer - Hong Kong

Justin MONIER, Scientific Officer - Hong Kong

Isabelle SAVES, Attachée for Scientific & Academic Affairs - Hong Kong

Contact : sciences@consulfrance-hongkong.org

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Sommaire

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1- Energy & Environment

1.1- INRA had participated in the conference "Our Common Future under Climate Change" (CFCC)

The international scientific conference ‘Our Common Future under Climate Change’ was the largest forum for the scientific community ahead of COP21. Jointly organized by major French research institutions, The International Council for Science (ICSU), Future Earth, and UNESCO, the Conference was held in Paris from the 7th to 10th of July, at UNESCO headquarters and at the “Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPCM)”.

Organized around daily themes, the Conference focused on moving from present knowledge to future solutions. Taking stock of the fifth IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) Assessment Report, it aimed to provide new scientific knowledge on climate change and strengthen transversal work on climate change and integrative work with other global challenges, such as climate and biodiversity, desertification, food security, poverty, scarcity or degradation of resources (including land and water), human health, and sustainable cities.

Article published on the Inra website on 24th of July, 2015 Source

1.2- France: a new investment fund dedicated to renewable energies

The European Investment Bank (EIB) announced to have concluded its first stage in the investment plan for Europe ("Juncker Plan"), a commitment of 50 millions euros (485 millions HKD) in a fund investment managed by Omnes Capital and fully dedicated to the development of renewable energy.

Article published on the Enerzine website on the 27th of July, 2015 : - Source

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2- Health & Society

2.1- Fighting mosquito resistance to insecticides

Controlling mosquitoes that carry and transmit human diseases is a global health challenge and their ability to resist insecticides is a big deal to prevent epidemics. Scientists from the CNRS, IRD, the “Université Claude Bernard” in Lyon, the “Université Joseph Fourier” in Grenoble and the “Institut Pasteur” in French Guiana have identified new genetic markers for mosquito resistance to insecticides. This work was published in Genome Research on the 23rd of July 2015.

Article published on the CNRS website on 23rd of July, 2015 : - Source

2.2- Malaria: new perspectives on knowledge about the parasite that causes the disease

A team from the Centre of Immunology and Infectious Diseases 1 (Université Pierre et Marie Curie / CNRS / Inserm) co-led by Pr. Dominique MAZIER in collaboration with Dr Hiroshi SUEMIZU from the Central Institute for Experimental Animal (CIEA) in Japan has just approved a new model for the study of Plasmodium, the parasite that causes malaria. This breakthrough discovery made by researchers from UPMC, CNRS, Inserm and “Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris” creates new perspectives about the study of this parasite. The study results were published in Nature Communications on the 24th of July, 2015.

Article published on the CNRS website on the 24th of July 2015: - Source

2.3- Consuming meat without endangering the health of our digestive tract

The link is now well established: the excessive consumption of red meat increased risk of colon cancer. A team of researchers from Inra (Toxalim laboratory) as found the mechanisms by which these foods can cause cancerous lesions. Moreover, they also found a way to significantly reduce these negative effects.

Article published on the Inra website on the 29th of July 2015: - Source

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3- Research and Education

3.1- “Curiosity finds traces of a primitive continental crust on Mars

An international team including five French laboratories identified former traces of continental crust on Mars. This work has been published in the journal Nature Geoscience. Until now, Mars had been considered as a planet almost completely covered by basaltic rocks, dark rocks on Earth that form the ocean floor. But the walls of the Gale crater where Curiosity landed few years ago, contain fragments of very old rocks (about 4 billion years).

Article published on the CNRS website on the 15th of July 2015 : - Source

3.2- The Forum CNRS 2015: "What’s left to discover? "

The CNRS is organizing, for the third consecutive year, its largest forum "What’s left to discover? "

The 13th and 14th of November at the Sorbonne campus, CNRS will provide to the public an opportunity to discover the many facets of the work of researchers. Through a diverse and multidisciplinary program of forecasting, modelling, reflections, visitors will discover the consequences of climate change and how to find innovative ways to drastically limit consequences of global warming.

If you need more information, please check the following website

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4- Technology & Transport

4.1- Thales Alenia Space and IETR create a joint laboratory to develop new antennae

On the 30th of June, was signed the agreement creating the first research laboratory between “Institut d’Électronique et de Télécommunications de Rennes” and Thales Alenia Space, called MERLIN (Microwave, space and radiation: integrated laboratory). Objective: To explore disruptive technologies for the design of new satellite antennae.

Article published on CNRS website on the 1st of July, 2015 : - Source

4.2- The Apple Maps cars travelled across France since the 27th of July, 2015.

After the United States, Ireland and England, Apple’s vehicles arrived in France. Walking through the roads of the country, they will improve the Maps application to push it a little bit closer to Google Maps.

Article published on Metronews website on the 1st, 2015 : - Source

publié le 31/07/2015

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